Area Deprivation Index (ADI)

Based on a measure created by the Health Resources & Services Administration (HRSA), the Area Deprivation Index (ADI) accounts for income, education, employment, and housing quality at the neighborhood level. The ADI was adapted by the research team at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and allows users to rank neighborhoods by socioeconomic disadvantage at the geographic (state or national) level.


National Equity Atlas

The National Equity Atlas provides data on demographics, racial inclusion, and the economic benefits of equity at the city, state, and national level. The tool was designed to help create a new, resilient, and equitable economy.


Opportunity Index

Developed by Opportunity Nation and Child Trends, the Opportunity Index uniquely combines indicators and the national, state, and county levels to show opportunities for improvement. The indicators are housed in four domains: economy, education, health, and community. The index employs a unique formula to provide users with a big-picture view and localized perspective on the conditions influencing their neighborhood.


County Health Rankings & Roadmaps

County Health Rankings & Roadmaps is a collaboration between the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute that measures important health factors in communities around the U.S. in an effort to drive change towards improving health. The program provides snapshots of community health as well as a community ranking system.


Health-Related Social Needs (HRSN) Screening Tool

The Health-Related Social Needs (HRSN) Screening Tool is a standard screening tool developed by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) to determine if systematically screening for health-related social needs has an effect on total healthcare costs and health outcomes. The HRSN Screening tool includes 10 items categorized into 5 domains: housing instability, food insecurity, transportation problems, utility help needs, and interpersonal safety.


PRAPARE Implementation and Action Toolkit

PRAPARE Implementation and Action Toolkit compiles resources, best practices, and lessons learned from health centers focused on how to implement a SDOH data collection initiative. The toolkit is accompanied by an assessment tool. The tool was developed based on a review of existing SDOH that consists of a set of national core measures to help standardize data collection.


HealthBegins screening tool

The HealthBegins screening tool was developed to spark discussions among healthcare providers about incorporating SDOH data to better inform patient care. The tool consists of questions on topics such as education, employment, social support, immigration, and violence.


Health Impact Assessments (HIAs)

Health Impact Assessments (HIAs) are a decision-support tool designed to help community stakeholders investigate how a proposed program, project, policy, or plan may impact the health and well-being of a population. HIAs are flexible, using available resources and variations of qualitative and quantitative data sources and methods. They are also based on stakeholder input, providing the opportunity to engage with community members, planners, and non-traditional health partners.


The EveryONE Project Toolkit

The EveryONE Project Toolkit provides information to help healthcare providers better understand and address SDOH in their patient community. Includes resources to embed equity into healthcare settings, as well as tools to be able to assess and screen for SDOH.

Health Impact Assessment

Health Impact Assessment describes NACCHO’s Health Impact Assessment Project which aims to provide support for local health departments who want to learn about and implement HIAs.

Health Impact Assessment: A Tool for Promoting Health in All Policies

Health Impact Assessment: A Tool for Promoting Health in All Policies describes the HIA process and examples of its use. Explains stakeholder involvement and the impact HIAs can have on community health and well-being.


Neighborhood Navigator

Neighborhood Navigator connects users to community resources and programs in their neighborhood. Highlights local services related to SDOH such as food, housing, transportation, employment, legal aid, and more. The AAFP provides additional tools and resources to help address SDOH among patients.